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Extermination Of The Plaines Indians Essay

  • Extermination Of The Plaines Indians

    Extermination Of The Plaines Indians

    Extermination of the Plains Indians
    The Plains Indians in the early nineteenth century, numbered approximately
    250,000. The Zuni, Hopi, Navaho, Pawnee, Sioux, Apache, and Cheyenne were the
    major tribes of the West. By the late nineteenth century the Indians were reduced to
    roughly 10,000. Because of new technological advances and new industries, America
    expanded to the Mid-West. The railroad caused thousands of people to move west
    therefore reducing the number of Plains Indians and partly destroying their culture. The
    decline of the Plains Indians were caused by three primary factors: the transcontinental
    railroad, the decrease of the buffalo, and war with the white Americans.
    Easy access to the West, because of the railroad, introduced a new way of life for
    Americans; consequently, the process destroyed the buffalo, essential to Indian survival.
    The buffalo supplied the basic necessities of life. The Indians used the meats as food, the
    hides for shelter, and the bones for tools. About 13 million buffalo roamed the Plains
    before the arrival of the white settlers. Due to the railroad, the settlers nearly made the
    buffalo extinct. To the superior white man, the buffalo interfered with construction and
    derailed trains. Cattle ranching, mining, and farming appeared in the West since the rail
    as finished. Cattle ranchers shipped the buffalo northeast to be sold. The discovery of
    gold attracted thousands of people to the West by rail, contributing to the decline of the
    buffalo. Mining coal and steel were needed for the railroads to operate, and the Indians

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