Essay on Diabetes

  • Diabetes

    Diabetes is the sixth leading cause of death by disease. It is a chronic disease
    that has no cure. Therefore it comes to no surprise that this disease has
    acquired countless number of attentions. Unfortunately, 5.4 million people in
    the United State are unaware that they have this disease. Until they do, they
    have already developed life-threatening complications. This may include
    blindness, kidney diseases, nerves diseases, heart diseases, strokes, and
    amputations. It is no wonder that diabetes is known as the silent killer.

    Diabetes is condition where the body does not produce or properly use insulin,
    which is a type of hormone that converts sugar, starches, and other types of
    foods into the energy that humans need everyday. It controls the blood sugar
    level and without it, death is inevitable. There are two major types of
    diabetes: Type I, and Type II. Type I is where the body does not produce any
    insulin also known as insulin dependent or immune-medicated diabetes. It is a
    disease that destroys the cells in the pancreas that produces insulin. Type II,
    is where the body can't make enough or properly use insulin, also known as
    non-insulin dependent. Other specific type of diabetes may have its origin from
    certain genetic syndromes, surgery, drugs, malnutrition inflection and other
    illness. The cause of this disease remains a mystery. Genetics, environmental
  • factors, lack of exercise, plays an important role in the cause of diabetes.

    Diabetes can cause different types of problems depending on which types of
    diabetes they have. For Type I diabetes, two problems may occur: ketoacidosis,
    and hyperglycemia. In ketoacidosis, your body produces ketones. This occurs when
    your blood glucose level increases too high. The productions of ketones have its
    unpleasant results. Ketones can cause you to vomit, have trouble breathing,
    become dehydrated, have dry itchy skin, and/or go into a coma. Hyperglycemia is
    where your blood glucose level is too low. In results, one may feel shaky,
    tired, hungry, confused or nervous. Lastly, there may be complications for Type

    I diabetes. Since the levels of glucose are high, it can damage organs. Eyes,
    kidney, and nerves can be damaged. It may also provoke heart and blood vessels
    more likely. In Type II diabetes, three types of problems can occur such as high
    blood glucose, low blood glucose, and complications itself. In high blood
    glucose, there are times when your blood glucose level may increase too high.

    This occurs more likely when one is under a lot of stress. When the glucose
    level does increase, problems such as headaches, blurry vision, thirst, frequent
    trips to the restroom, and dry itchy skin may occur. When the body lacks blood
    glucose, a problem such as low blood glucose may occur. This is also called
    hypoglycemia. When hypoglycemia occurs, one may feel shaky, tired, hungry,
  • nervous and confused. With all of these serious complications, it is highly
    recommended that people get checked for diabetes before other problems arise.

    Diabetes seems to be targeting at certain ethnic groups. Because of this
    information, a biological/genetic factor may be involved. The percentages,
    calculations, and estimates, seems to be pointing at three ethnic groups:

    African American, Hispanic Americans, and Native Americans. According to the

    Diabetes American Association, it is estimated that African Americans are 1.7
    times more likely to have diabetes than Hispanic whites. Thus, Hispanic

    Americans are almost twice as likely to have Type II diabetes then non-Hispanic
    whites. There are even cases where in most tribes, half of the populations of
    the Native American have diabetes. People who have diabetes have a certain
    nutritional management to keep their diabetes under control. Because of the fact
    that there are different types of diabetes, there are different nutritional
    managements to suit each type with its specific needs. For type one diabetes,
    the goal of the nutritional management is to lower the glucose in blood, since
    the glucose level is too high. To control the level, diabetics must take insulin
    shots before meals, exercise, and/or maintain a healthy diet. The diet must be
    low in fat, have moderate amounts of protein, and have high complex

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