Chile Political Parties And Organizations Essay
- Chile Political Parties And Organizations
Chile Political Parties And Organizations
Taking a look at Chile’s government and institutions it gives the idea that the
average person is represented. Chilean people have a history of strong political ties and
many private associations and organizations. This has been helpful in taking care that
many interests and needs are expressed within the government. Perhaps even more helpful is
the development of many different political parties, whom, for the most part represent
many of these organizations and associations in the government. In order to evaluate these
institutions a closer look must be taken at each to understand fully the amount of
organization that is in place.
In the 1990’s Chile had a strong, ideological based multiparty system with a clear
division between the parties of the right, center, and left. Traditionally the parties
have national in scope penetrating into other more remote regions. Party affiliation had
been had served as the organizing concept in many leadership contests in universities and
private associations, such as labor unions and professional associations. Political
tendencies are passed from generation to generation and constitute an important part of an
By the middle of the twentieth century, each of Chile’s political tendencies
represented one-third of the electorate. The left was dominated by the Socialist Party
- (Partido Socialista) and the Communist Party of Chile (Partido Communista de Chile), the
right by the Liberal Party (PartidoLiberal) and the Conservative Party (Partido
Conservador), and the center by the anticlerical Radical Party (Partido Radical) which was
replaced as Chile’s dominant party by the Christian Democratic Party (Partido
Democrata Cristiano) in the 1960s.
The Communist Party of Chile (PPCh) is the oldest and largest communist party in Latin
America and one of the most important in the West. Tracing it’s origins to 1912, the
party was officially founded in1922 as the successor to the Socialist Workers’
Party. It achieved congressional representation shortly thereafter and played a leading
role in the development of the Chilean labor movement. Concern over the party’s
success at building a strong electoral base, combined with the onset of the Cold War, led
to its being outlawed in 1948, a status it had to endure for almost a decade. However by
midcentury it had become a genuine political subculture with its own symbols and
organizations and the support of prominent artists and intellectuals.
The PPCh’s strong stand against registration of voters and participation in
elections alienated many of its own supporters and long-time militants who understood that
most of the citizens supported a peaceful return to democracy.
The dramatic failure of the PCCh’s strategy seriously undermined its credibility and
contributed to the growing withdrawal from its ranks. The party was also hurt by the vast
Copyright ©1998-2015 FreeEssay.com. All Rights Reserved.