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Chile Political Parties And Organizations Essay

  • Chile Political Parties And Organizations

    Chile Political Parties And Organizations

    Taking a look at Chile’s government and institutions it gives the idea that the
    average person is represented. Chilean people have a history of strong political ties and
    many private associations and organizations. This has been helpful in taking care that
    many interests and needs are expressed within the government. Perhaps even more helpful is
    the development of many different political parties, whom, for the most part represent
    many of these organizations and associations in the government. In order to evaluate these
    institutions a closer look must be taken at each to understand fully the amount of
    organization that is in place.

    In the 1990’s Chile had a strong, ideological based multiparty system with a clear
    division between the parties of the right, center, and left. Traditionally the parties
    have national in scope penetrating into other more remote regions. Party affiliation had
    been had served as the organizing concept in many leadership contests in universities and
    private associations, such as labor unions and professional associations. Political
    tendencies are passed from generation to generation and constitute an important part of an
    individual’s identity.

    By the middle of the twentieth century, each of Chile’s political tendencies
    represented one-third of the electorate. The left was dominated by the Socialist Party
  • (Partido Socialista) and the Communist Party of Chile (Partido Communista de Chile), the
    right by the Liberal Party (PartidoLiberal) and the Conservative Party (Partido
    Conservador), and the center by the anticlerical Radical Party (Partido Radical) which was
    replaced as Chile’s dominant party by the Christian Democratic Party (Partido
    Democrata Cristiano) in the 1960s.

    The Communist Party of Chile (PPCh) is the oldest and largest communist party in Latin
    America and one of the most important in the West. Tracing it’s origins to 1912, the
    party was officially founded in1922 as the successor to the Socialist Workers’
    Party. It achieved congressional representation shortly thereafter and played a leading
    role in the development of the Chilean labor movement. Concern over the party’s
    success at building a strong electoral base, combined with the onset of the Cold War, led
    to its being outlawed in 1948, a status it had to endure for almost a decade. However by
    midcentury it had become a genuine political subculture with its own symbols and
    organizations and the support of prominent artists and intellectuals.

    The PPCh’s strong stand against registration of voters and participation in
    elections alienated many of its own supporters and long-time militants who understood that
    most of the citizens supported a peaceful return to democracy.

    The dramatic failure of the PCCh’s strategy seriously undermined its credibility and
    contributed to the growing withdrawal from its ranks. The party was also hurt by the vast

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