Everybody eats. However, according to the human behavior, there are huge differences
between people. Some eat more, some eat less, some put on weight easily, and other does
not. And some people go to such extremes that they harm themselves, by eating too much or
too little. As a result they may harm their health and come to the attention of doctors.
This research deals with anorexia nervosa.
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that usually strikes women. Of the seven million
women aged 15 to 35 who have an eating disorder, many will die from the complications of
anorexia. Anorexia may not be noticed in the early stages because it often starts as an
innocent diet. They often become hyperactive because they exercise frantically in an
attempt to burn calories to lose weight.
There are many reasons as to why women develop anorexia nervosa. One is that it is
dieting taken to a dangerous extreme. Another is that societal pressures dictate a woman
be thin in order to be beautiful - the "waif look" was recently popular. But what these
theories come down to is an issue of control. Whatever else is going on in the anorexic's
life, the one thing that she feels she can control is food.
Anorexia begins with the everyday dieting that is so much a part of teenager life. About
a third of anorexia sufferers have been overweight before starting to diet. Unlike normal
dieting, which stops when the desired weight is reached, in anorexia the dieting and the
loss of weight continue until the sufferer is well below the normal limit for her age and
height. The tiny amount of calories that she is taking in may be disguised by the
quantities of fruit, vegetables and salads that she eats. Also, she will often exercise
vigorously or take slimming pills to keep her weight low. Moreover, in spite of her own
attitude to eating, she may take an avid interest in buying food and cooking for others.
There are many diagnostic criteria on anorexia nervosa if people have this kind of
sickness. First of all, they are refusal to maintain body weight at or above a minimally
normal weight for age and height. For example, weight loss leading to maintenance of body
weight less than 85% of that expected; or failure to make expected weight gain during
period of growth, leading to body weight less than 85% of that expected. Besides, they
have intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even though underweight. Disturbance
in the way in which one's body weight or shape is experienced, undue influence of body
weight or shape on self-evaluation, or denial of the seriousness of the current low body
weight. For most sufferers it will be important to discuss things that may be upsetting
them. For examples boys, school, self-consciousness, family problems, etc.
Although technically the word anorexia means 'loss of appetite', sufferers with anorexia
actually have a normal appetite, but drastically control their eating. According to the
research paper, anorexia nervosa is not biological and hereditary. The most important